Under-eye bags refer to the swelling or puffiness that occurs beneath the eyes. They are a common cosmetic concern and can make an individual appear tired or older. Several factors contribute to the development of under-eye bags, and some common causes include:
- Aging: As people age, the skin loses elasticity and collagen, making it more prone to sagging. The fat that normally supports the eyes can then move into the lower eyelids, causing puffiness.
- Genetics: The likelihood of developing under-eye bags can be inherited. If your parents or close relatives have them, you may be more prone to experiencing them as well.
- Fluid retention: Retaining excess fluid, often due to factors like salty food, dehydration, or hormonal changes, can lead to puffiness under the eyes.
- Allergies: Allergic reactions can cause inflammation and swelling, including in the delicate skin under the eyes.
- Fatigue and lack of sleep: Insufficient sleep or poor sleep quality can lead to fluid retention and puffiness under the eyes.
- Sun exposure: Overexposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays can break down collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, contributing to the development of under-eye bags.
- Smoking: Smoking can accelerate the aging process and contribute to the breakdown of collagen, leading to sagging skin and under-eye bags.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders and conditions that cause fluid retention, can contribute to the development of under-eye bags.
While under-eye bags are often a cosmetic concern and not necessarily a sign of a serious medical condition, some people may choose to address them for aesthetic reasons.